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Review Paper

Applied Science and Convergence Technology 2018; 27(6): 113-119

Published online November 30, 2018


Copyright © The Korean Vacuum Society.

A Review: Melt Pool Analysis for Selective Laser Melting with Continuous Wave and Pulse Width Modulated Lasers

Jiwhan Kima,†, Seungmuk Jia,†, Young-Shik Yuna,b, and Jong-Souk Yeoa,b,*

aSchool of Integrated Technology, Yonsei University, Incheon 21983, Korea, bYonsei Institute of Convergence Technology, Yonsei University, Incheon 21983, Korea

Correspondence to:*Corresponding author: E-mail: jongsoukyeo@yonsei.ac.kr

Received: September 21, 2018; Revised: October 10, 2018; Accepted: October 20, 2018


Selective laser melting (SLM) is a promising additive manufacturing technique applied to various areas such as aerospace and biomedical industries. Because product characteristics can be controlled by SLM process parameters, several investigations have been conducted to clarify the relationship between process parameters and product characteristics. Melt pool, controlled by process parameters, is a suitable resource to determine the product profile accuracy and mechanical property. Two laser types, continuous wave (CW) and pulse width modulation (PWM), are typically used in SLM processes, and each has distinct advantages depending on the purpose of the process. While CW maintains its power constant, PWM presents a repeated pattern with a pulse width. Herein, the main differences in the process parameters between the two laser types and their effects on the melt pool formation during the SLM process are explained. The results demonstrate that CW and PWM are favorable for dense and fine structures, respectively.

Keywords: Selective laser melting, Melt pool dimension, Pulse width modulation, Continuous wave

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