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Research Paper

Applied Science and Convergence Technology 2022; 31(2): 56-59

Published online March 30, 2022


Copyright © The Korean Vacuum Society.

Surface Structure-Controlled Monolithic Multiple Color Semipolar GaN-based Light-Emitting Diodes

Gun-Woo Lee , Jae-Hyeok Oh , and Sung-Nam Lee*

Department of Nano & Semiconductor Engineering, Tech University of Korea, Sihueng 15073, Republic of Korea

Correspondence to:E-mail: snlee@tukorea.ac.kr

Received: February 9, 2022; Revised: March 8, 2022; Accepted: March 13, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In this study, monolithic red, green, and blue emission semipolar (11-22) GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were developed using the SiO2 hexagonal pattern epitaxial lateral overgrowth (HPELO) technique. We found that the semipolar HPELO GaN film can significantly increase the arrowhead-like surface (ALS) structure, which can distribute the indium incorporations of the InGaN active layer. Because of the relatively thick lateral overgrowth technique used in the HPELO semipolar GaN template, its ALS structure is found to be much larger than that of the conventional semipolar GaN/m-sapphire template. The indium composition of the InGaN active layer grown on the semipolar HPELO GaN template is higher than that of the conventional GaN template because the crystallographic planes of the ALS structure have a higher indium incorporation rate than the semipolar (11-22) plane, resulting in a longer emission wavelength for the semipolar HPELO GaN-LEDs. Therefore, an emission wavelength from semipolar HPELO GaN-LEDs can be significantly blue-shifted because of the strong band-filling effect at different indium incorporations within the ALS structure. Thus, semipolar HPELO GaN-LEDs can be applied to achieve amber to blue emission for monolithic multi-color emitters.

Keywords: GaN, Semipolar, Epitaxial lateral overgrowth, Light-emitting diodes

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